Past Simple

IL PAST SIMPLE SI USA:
  • Per parlare di azioni svolte nel passato che sono concluse. La durata dell’azione è irrilevante. L’azione può essersi svolta in un passato prossimo o remoto.
  • Per indicare in che momento si è verificato un avvenimento; pertanto, questo tempo è sempre associato a un determinato tipo di espressioni temporali: – frequenzaoften, sometimes, always. sometimes walked home at lunchtime.
    often brought my lunch to school. –un momento precisolast week, when I was a child, yesterday, six weeks ago. saw a good film last week.
    Yesterday, I arrived in Geneva.
    She finished her work atseven o’clock
    went to the theatre last night
  • un momento non preciso: the other day, ages ago, a long time ago People lived in caves a long time ago.
    She played the piano when she was a child.
Attenzione: Il simple past in inglese può sembrare simile al passato remoto in italiano, ma non sempre il significato è lo stesso.

CONIUGAZIONE VERBI REGOLARI

“SIMPLE PAST” CON I VERBI REGOLARI
Affermativa
Soggetto + verbo + ed
I skipped.
Negativa
Soggetto + did not + infinito senza to
They didn’t go.
Interrogativa
Did + soggetto + infinito senza to
Did she arrive?
Interrogativa negativa
Did not + soggetto + infinito senza to
Didn’t you play?
TO WORK
Affermativa Negativa Interrogativa
I worked I didn’t work Did I work?
You worked You didn’t work Did you work?
He worked He didn’t work Did he work?
We worked We didn’t work Did we work?
They worked They didn’t work Did they work?
“SIMPLE PAST” DI TO BE, TO HAVE, TO DO
Soggetto Verbo
Be Have Do
I was had did
You were had did
He/She/It was had did
We were had did
You were had did
They were had did

NOTE SULLE FORME AFFERMATIVA, NEGATIVA E INTERROGATIVA

AFFERMATIVA

La forma affermativa del simple past è semplice.

  • was in Japan last year
  • She had a headache yesterday.
  • We did our homework last night.
NEGATIVA E INTERROGATIVA

Le forme negativa e interrogativa al simple past di to do, in quanto verbo semplice, si formano usando l’ausiliare to do, ad esempio: We didn’t do our homework last night.
La forma negativa di have al simple past si forma solitamente con l’ausiliare do, ma talvolta si aggiunge semplicemente not o la contrazione n’t.

La forma interrogativa di have al simple past si forma solitamente con l’ausiliare do.

ESEMPI
  • They weren’t in Rio last summer.
  • We didn’t have any money.
  • We didn’t have time to visit the Eiffel Tower.
  • We didn’t do our exercises this morning.
  • Were they in Iceland last January?
  • Did you have a bicycle when you were young?
  • Did you do much climbing in Switzerland?

Nota: Le forme negativa e interrogativa di tutti i verbi al simple past si formano sempre con l’ausiliare did.

PAST SIMPLE E I VERBI IRREGOLARI

Alcuni vebri sono irregolari al simple past. Ecco un elenco dei più comuni.

TO GO
  • He went to a club last night.
  • Did he go to the cinema last night?
  • He didn’t go to bed early last night.
TO GIVE
  • We gave her a doll for her birthday.
  • They didn’t give John their new address.
  • Did Barry give you my passport?
TO COME
  • My parents came to visit me last July.
  • We didn’t come because it was raining.
  • Did he come to your party last week?
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