Past Continuous

IL  PAST CONTINUOUS SI USA

Il past continuous si usa per descrivere azioni ed eventi percepiti come incompleti o ancora in corso nel passato. Si usa per descrive ciò che si era “nel mezzo di fare” nel passato.

Viene utilizzato:

  • spesso, per descrivere il contesto di un racconto scritto al passato, per esempio: “The sun was shining and the birds were singing as the elephant came out of the jungle. The other animals were relaxing in the shade of the trees, but the elephant moved very quickly. She was looking for her baby, and she didn’t notice the hunter who was watching her through his binoculars. When the shot rang out, she was running towards the river…”
  • per descrivere un’azione non completata che è stata interrotta dal verificarsi di un altro evento o azione, per esempio: “I was having dinner when you called me yesterday”
  • per esprimere un cambiamento di opinione, ad esempio: “I was going to buy a new t-shirt but I’ve decided to get a pair of jeans instead.”
  • con wonder, per formulare una domanda in modo estremamente educato: per esempio: “I was wondering if you could baby-sit for me tonight.”
ESEMPI
  • Caroline was skiing when she broke her leg.
  • When we arrived he was having a bath.
  • When the fire started I was watching television.

Nota: con i verbi che non vengono solitamente usati alla forma progressiva, si utilizza il simple past.

CONIUGAZIONE

Il past continuous di qualsiasi verbo si compone di due parti: il passato del verbo “to be” (was/were) e la forma base del verbo principale + ing.

Soggetto was/were base + ing
They were doing
Affermativa
She was drinking
Negativa
She wasn’t drinking
Interrogativa
Was she drinking?
Interrogativa negativa
Wasn’t she drinking?
TO PLAY, PAST CONTINUOUS
Affermativa Negativa Interrogativa
I was playing I was not playing Was I playing?
You were playing You were not playing Were you playing?
He was playing He wasn’t playing Was he playing?
We were playing We weren’t playing Were we playing?
They were playing They weren’t playing Were they playing?
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